Colon cancer is cancer of the great intestine (colon), the lower portion of your digestive system. Colon cancer is the second most common cancer in the USA by alike distribution concerning men and women.
Colon cancer could affect any racial or ethnic group; however, some studies advise that Americans of northern European heritage have a higher-than-standard risk of colon tumours.
In around all cases colon cancer is a treatable disease if caught early. Colon cancer usually begins by the appearance of benign growths such because polyps.
Development of colon cancer at an early mature, or at many sites, or recurrent colon cancer, suggests a genetically transmitted form of the disease as opposed to the sporadic form. The generally normal colon cancer cell class is adenocarcinoma which accounts for 95% of cases.
The development of polyps of the colon usually precedes the development of colon cancer with five or additional years. The American Gastroenterologial Association revised its screening guidelines in 2003 to suggest that people by two or other first-degree family with colorectal cancer or a first-degree relative with colon or rectal cancer before mature 60 should have a screening colonoscopy beginning at period 40 or beginning 10 years prior to the period of the earlier colon cancer diagnosis in their relatives (whichever is earliest).
Those by a first-degree relative diagnosed with colon cancer while period 60 or two second-degree relative with colon or rectal cancer should initiate screening at age 40 by one of the methods listed above, such as annual sigmoidoscopy. The most usual colon cancer screening tests are colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, plus fecal occult blood experiment.
CT scans and Barium enemas are also routinely used for diagnosis of colon and rectal cancers. In colon cancer, chemotherapy when surgery is usually merely given if the cancer has produce to the lymph nodes (Phase III). Here is not an absolute type for preventing colon cancer. Exercise is believed to reduce the risk of colon cancer. Apparently, no association exists concerning frequency of bowel movement or laxative spend plus risk of colon cancer.