This write-up presents four techniques (selective focus, light and shadows, curves, and texture) that can be used to make abstract images. Once the techniques have been mastered, they may be applied to various photographic opportunities. The objective is to learn the techniques and then apply them to whatever subject matter is found that will create striking subjective images.
Focusing the Attention with Selective Focus[I:http://www.articledir.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/JimSmall22.jpg]
If you are looking for an easy but effective abstract photography technique, selective focus is the technique for you. When used well, the selective focus technique is very powerful and can lead to images that can really seize a viewer’s attention. To create a limited area of sharpness, a large aperture is necessary. The most important part of the image is then identified and set as the focus point of the lens.
For people who desire to make the technique even more effective, there are a couple of factors to bear in mind. First, the color of the background should be different than the center of interest. This will make the center of interest stand out. The other thing to note is that curves can be utilized effectively to strengthen the center of interest by having curves lead the viewer to the center of interest of the image.
The application of both of these approaches simultaneously can deliver superb results.
The Use of Light and Shadows
Using the interplay of light and shadows can create drama in an image. When we first start out in photography, we hear about how important light is to a successful image. As a result, we may tend to concentrate on the light without thinking much about the shadows. This is a mistake — for light is nothing without shadows. Shadows are not merely a dark mass that borders the light. It is the shadows that shape the light, that draw attention to the light, and that integrate with the light to create striking photographic opportunities. The interplay of light and shadows plays an especially important role in many abstract images.
When using this technique, the main purpose of the shadows is to enhance the forms in an image. As a result, it is vital that forms that grab ones’ attention be used in abstract images. The shadows can then be used to make the forms stand out from the rest of the image.
As an example, if the primary object in an image is surrounded by shadows, it will become more dynamic and will attract the viewer’s attention.
[I:http://www.articledir.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/JimSmall21.jpg]The Use of Curves
Curves can be very effectively used in abstract images. The curves have the most impact when they stand out in an image. In some images, the curves become the most important part of the image.
The curves must be either graceful or dynamic. It is very important that the curves flow together smoothly. Simply having a bunch of haphazard curves running in every which direction won’t work.
The Use of Texture
A technique that is very similar to the use of curves is the use of texture. In fact, it is not uncommon to find texture and curves used together in the same image. When used to create impact in an abstract image, the texture should be a very strong characteristic of the main subject in the image.
These abstract photography techniques provide a good foundation for capturing abstract images. Needless to say, there is much more that can be learned about abstract photography.