The medical term for a skin mole is nevus or nevi (plural), and it can either be circular or oval and big or small. It can also either be flat or bumpy, and the colors also vary. Statistically speaking, a normal person has 10 to 50 moles in different parts of his body. Each individual has his own number of moles in the body the moment he was born. Although some of the moles remain “hidden” or invisible at birth, they get darker though as we grow older and so more visible.
Mole removal is not that big a deal. Moles that are usually removed are those that are too ugly such as hairy and very dark moles or those that create some health risk to the patient. One type of mole that is commonly removed are the dysplastic moles, which can cause skin cancer.
Right now, there are three procedures used to remove skin moles, and these are surgical procedure, laser procedure, and the use of acid drops. The latter is not advisable as complications might occur. The acid drops can burn away and damage skin tissues that are healthy, especially if this is done by an amateur. Deeply rooted moles will not benefit from laser mole removal.
There are two typical types of surgical procedure for mole removal. Mole excision with stitches is one type of surgical mole removal procedure. The outer part of the skin mole is removed with a scalpel. When the inner mole is exposed the surgeon then cuts out or digs out the remaining mole then closes up the cut with fine sutures. The other type of surgery is wherein the surgeon cauterizes or “burns” away the inner mole with the use of an electric needle after cutting away the outer mole.
A new method of skin mole removal uses liquid nitrogen applied onto the skin mole, and this is called cryosurgery. The extreme cold destroys the mole thereby eliminating surgery or laser treatment. The perfect choice though if you want minimal scarring is to go for cryosurgery. Laser surgery is also a good option. Nevertheless, you cannot choose the type of mole removal procedure yourself because the doctor still has to factor in the mole size and the mole type.
The risks involved in removing moles include scarring of the area, infection of the wound, and an allergic drug reaction. To prevent infection, the patient should always keep the wound clean, dry, and sterile until complete wound healing. You should also have yourself tested for any allergic reaction to anesthesia.